Launched in 2011, with funding support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York (CCNY), the HELP program sought to support research networks, policy forums and publications to document and provide an understanding of transformations underway with regard to the governance and leadership of higher education institutions in Africa. In initiating the program, CODESRIA was motivated by the desire to contribute to the knowledge base and initiate policy debates that would deepen the reforms, as leadership and governance are central to ensuring the quality and relevance of higher education in the continent. Twelve Research groups (NWGs, CRNs and Post-doctoral fellowships) and six books by former university leaders were commissioned. A methodological workshop preceded the commissioning of the research groups, while each network held a mid-term workshop, and a last workshop that brought together all the research groups and higher education administrators and policy makers was held in Arusha, Tanzania from November 17th-21st 2015. In terms of engaging middle level academic administrators, two deans’ conferences were held. The proceedings from one of the conference have been published as journal articles in the Journal of Higher Education in Africa and they are available online. The work of the research groups revolved around the following themes;
• Evolution of governance models and implications to academic mission of the Universities-broad oversight governance practices including new funding models, and division of authority to nominate representatives to the governance bodies
• Emergent practices in the working of governance bodies-councils, senates and faculty boards
• Gender aspects of governance transformations
• Processes of constituting leadership and implications to the day-to-day management of the institutions as academic institutions-how are Vice chancellors and senior administrative (management) staff- modalities of appointment and implications on institutional autonomy and academic missions.
• Role of Faculty/ academics and how they are engaged in the leadership and academic processes of the institutions; including faculty unions
• Student governance (What frameworks exist to govern students’ academic and welfare conduct) and student involvement: participation in governance-how this is changing and in what direction and the implications to the evolution of the institutions as academic institutions.
• New leadership models and emergent practices in issues quality assurance
The results from the initiative are being published and disseminated in form of books and Journal papers. A final dissemination workshop and a scientific report of the initiative are planned within the context of CODESRIA’s 2017-2021 Strategic plan on ‘Reaching New frontiers in Social Science Research and Knowledge production for African Transformation and Development’. The final dissemination workshop will also be used to launch a new follow-up initiative to HELP, the Higher Education in Africa policy Initiative (HEPI) also supported with a generous funding Grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York
Books Published under HELP
1 - Journal of Higher Education in Africa, Volume 12, n° 1, 2014: Special Issue on Higher Education Leadership and Management
The Journal of Higher Education in Africa (ISSN 0851-7762) publishes analysis, information, and critique on contemporary issues of higher education in the continent with special emphasis on research and policy matters.
The JHEA accepts contributions in English and French from researchers, practitioners and policymakers. Read More
2 - Higher Education Leadership and Governance in the Development of the Creative and Cultural Industries in Kenya
Emily A. Akuno, Donald O. Ondieki, Peter L. Barasa, Simon P. Otieno, Charity M. Wamuyu & Maurice O. Amateshe. CODESRIA, Dakar, 244p., ISBN est 978-2-86978-7179-9
The role of higher education in establishing structures and procedures in society and industry is clearly articulated in scholarly discussions. The narrative has recently taken a new momentum in Kenya with acknowledgement of the creative industry, a eld that involves many youth, as an area that impacts on the economy. In unravelling the link between higher education and industry, the authors focus on leadership and governance in higher education and its expected and perceived contribution to the shaping of the creative industry. Through analysis of ve cases, the authors interrogate the processes and structures that govern the teaching and practice of the creative subjects, noting how these affect the creative industry in Kenya. Read more
3 - The Status of Student Involvement in University Governance in Kenya: The Case of Public and Private Universities.
Munyae M. Mulinge, Josephine N. Arasa & Violet Wawire. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2017, 252p., ISBN : 978-2-86978-714-8
This book examines the concept of the democratization of governance in universities in Kenya with particular emphasis on students involvement in governance processes and decision making. Data were collected from members of the student community utilizing a structured self-administered questionnaire and from purposively selected key informants and focus group discussants drawn from Kenyatta University (representing the public sector) and the United States International University (representing the private sector). Read more
4 - La gouvernance universitaire : une expérience africaine.
Abdou Salam Sall. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2016, 216p., ISBN : 978-2-86978-722-3
A la lumière d’une expérience propre, cet ouvrage présente différentes problématiques de gouvernance universitaire en Afrique avec un accent spécifique sur les dynamiques en cours. Il permet de mieux comprendre les mutations aux niveaux des structures de gouvernance des établissements d’enseignement supérieur avec le nouveau management public et les périmètres de responsabilités des dirigeants tant sur le plan du financement, de la formation, que des modes et canaux de délivrance des enseignements et de l’organisation de la recherche. Read more
5 - The National Council for Higher Education and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda, 2002–2012.
A.B.K. Kasozi. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2016, 376p., ISBN : 978-2-86978-711-7
The National Council for Higher Education (NCHE) and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda, 2002-2012, narrates the experience of the Ugandan NCHE in the establishment, development and regulation of higher education institutions in Uganda from 2002 to 2012. In this period, student numbers in higher education institutions increased from about 65,000 to some 200,000 and university institutions from about ten to more than triple the number. Read more
6 - Managing and Transforming an African University.
John Pancras Mukasa Ssebuwufu. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2017, 808p., ISBN : 978-2-86978-716-2
Makerere is one of the oldest and most enduring African educational institutions. Initially established in 1922 as a technical school by the Department of Education under the British Protectorate Government, and converted to a university in 1970, it has survived many odds and emerged as a true centre of academic excellence whose impact extends far beyond the borders of Uganda and Africa. Makererians are found all over the world, many with successful careers. The institution has provided Uganda, East Africa, Africa and the world with high quality professionals in such fields as Medicine, Engineering, the Arts and the Sciences.Read more
7 - Leadership and Crises in Nigerian Universities Can Women Make a Difference?
Caroline Okumdi Muoghalu, CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-759-9
Currently, globalization has made it necessary that universities operate optimally in order to compete effectively globally. In this regard, crises in Nigerian universities constitute a barrier to this goal and to sustainable development. The book-leadership and crises in Nigerian universities: Can women make a difference? is a phenomenal book which was inspired by incessant crises in Nigerian universities. The book discussed the crises in these universities in all its ramifcations. Importantly, in all these discussions, the book traced this problem to men’s autocratic leadership style and established that bringing women into university leadership can actually make a difference in minimizing or eradicating these crises. Read More
8 - Rethinking Higher Education Governance in Ghana: Reflections of a Professional Administrator
Paul Effah, CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-786-5
This book is an institutional history of leadership in higher education institutions in Ghana, recounted through a rich narrative of the life and career trajectory of one of Ghana’s pioneering university administrators. It offers insights into some of the complex set of challenges confronting the higher education system and institutions in Ghana at the turn of the century. The narrative starts off by tracing the development of higher education in Ghana through a history of Achimota College from the late 1920’s right up to the current period; before moving on to a discuss leadership quandaries at Universities in the midst of turbulence, demonstrating the ways in which governance and leadership failure invites government intervention and intrusion into university administration. Read more
9 - Strengthening Higher Education Leadership in Africa: A Study of Ghana’s Situation
John Gasu, CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-785-8
The liberal higher education landscape that has emerged in Africa is a product of a confuence of factors that defne the neoliberal agenda in the continent. The prior notions of state responsibility for funding higher education have largely disappeared. The hegemonic leverage that the World Bank came to wield in the scheme of higher education in Africa facilitated the minimalist approach to state funding in the continent. The state was thence expected to downscale funding to public institutions; as the imperative was for the latter to corporatise their operations. As the liberal landscape became inundated with commercial actors from within and without the country, the governance cultures in higher education shifted away from the collegial to managerialism. Read more
10 - Developing Sustainable Higher Education Leadership Models in Tanzania
J.F. Kessy, J.S. Kikula, A.L. Kaswamila, B. Kazimili, B.E. Mmary. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-789-6
Higher Education Institutions in Tanzania are increasingly facing a decline in government subvention and reduced funding from other sources, including Faith-Based Organizations. This has led to a noticeable shift in emphasis within universities from academic excellence to income generation, with adverse effects on teaching, research and community outreach performance. Read more
11 - Steering Epistemic Access in Higher Education in South Africa: Institutional Dilemmas
Michael Cross, 2018, ISBN: 978-987-722-328-6
This book utilises a broadly critical cultural approach to explain access and retention. In recent years, the use of cultural approaches has made a significant contribution to how we understand societies and particularly social institutions undergoing transition. The impact of these approaches is evident in the social sciences and in interdis- ciplinary fields such as education, where different dimensions and perspectives within respective cultural approaches have been applied to a variety of topics. Read more
12 - It is a Long Way to the Top: Increasing Women’s Leadership in Ugandan Public Universities
T. Mulyampiti, R. M. Kabeba, C. Kanabahita. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-787-2
This study underscores the importance of including women in leadership positions in academia. Research on leadership development and managerial success in universities has continuously pointed to the absence of support frameworks to encourage women’s development. Despite numerous interventions to address this challenge, diffculties continue to persist. This work is therefore a timely contribution to the debates around gender and leadership in African universities with a particular focus on Makerere University, where ten female professors are profled. It demonstrates that despite interventions, the gender gap at universities continues to expand, thus requiring critical interventions which address techniques and strategies of inclusion/exclusion. Read more
13 - Quality Assurance in Ghanaian Higher Education Institutions: Opportunities and Constraints
Joshua Alabi, Goski Alabi, Richard Adjei, Paul Dzandu, Godwin Utuka, et Abdulai Munkaila. CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018, ISBN: 978-2-86978-788-9
This work examines quality assurance processes and practices in Higher Education Institutions in Ghana, using a mixed method approach, which combined surveys, reviews and expert interviews of past and present quality assurance directors. Ten universities were studied. The results demonstrate that quality assurance at higher institutions of learning in Ghana employ both internal and external quality assurance mechanisms. Read more