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23 April 2012

Bibliography

Academic Freedom in Africa / Liberté académique en Afrique

I - CODESRIA Journal Articles / Articles des revues du CODESRIA

1. ADESINA, Jimi; MUSTAPHA, Abdul Raufu Communiqué of the Conference on Academic freedom in Nigeria Bulletin du Codesria = Codesria Bulletin, NO.1, 1996, p.4-9

1. AKE, Claude Academic Freedom and Material Base Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 11p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

2. AKE, Claude Liberté Académique et Base Matérielle Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 16p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

3. ALI, Ali Abdel Gadir Donor’s Wisdom Vs African Folly: what Academic Freedom and Which High Moral Standing Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 12p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

4. ALI, Ali Abdel Gadir Sagesse des Donateurs Contre Sottise Africaine : Quelle Liberté Académique et Quelle Probité Morale ? Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 14p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

2. ALTBACH, Philip G. Academic Freedom: International Challenges and African Realities Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 17-34

3. ASSIE-LUMUMBA, N’dri T. Critical Perspectives on the Crises, Planned Change, and the Prospects for Transformation in African Higher Education Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 3, 2005, p. 1-29

5. AWITI, Adhu; ONG’WEN, Oduor Academic Freedom, State and Opportunism in Kenya Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 47p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

6. BAZAARA, Nyangabyaki The Struggle for Democracy at Makerere University 1986-1989: An Assessment Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 19p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

7. BOURENANE, N.; EL-KENZ, A.; LIABES, D. Impérialisme Scientifique et Libertés Académiques : Genèse, Fondements et Enjeux Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 14p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

4. BELL, Trevor Academics and the Policy-making Process under Apartheid and in Contemporary South Africa African Sociological Review. Volume 9, Number 1, 2005, p. 83-88

5. BEN SICHONE, Owen Globalisation and Internationalisation of Higher Education in South Africa: The Challenge of Rising Xenophobia Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 4, Numéro 3, 2006, p. 33-53

6. CARDOSO, Carlos Academic Freedom, Social Responsibility and the State of Academia CODESRIA Bulletin = Bulletin du CODESRIA. N°. 1- 2, 2005, p. 64-65

7. CARDOSO, Carlos Lusophone Africa and Higher Education Reform: Issues and Trends in the Global System Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 153-163

8. CHACHAGE, Chachage Seithy L. The University as a Site of Knowledge: The Role of Basic Research1 Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 4, N°. 2, 2006, p. 47–67

9. CHACHAGE, C.L.S. Higher Education Transformation and Academic Exterminism CODESRIA Bulletin = Bulletin du CODESRIA. N°. 1, 2001, p.3-10

8. CODESRIA, Dakar African Universities: Case Studies of Abuses of Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 53p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

10. DEI, George J.S. The Challenges of Anti-Racist Education Research in the African Context Afrique et Développement = Africa Development. Vol. XIX, No. 3, 1994, p.5-25

11. DIALLO, Abdoul Goudoussi L’ Intelligentsia Guinéenne et le Problème de la Liberté Académique Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 7p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 Novembre 1990

12. DU TOIT, André The Legacy of Daantjie Oosthuizen: Revisiting the Liberal Defence of Academic Freedom African Sociological Review. Volume 9, Number 1, 2005, p. 40-61

13. FARAH, Nadia Ramsis Civil Society and Freedom of Research Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 21p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

14. FARAH, Nadia Ramsis Le Contexte Social de la Liberté de Recherche en Egypte Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 15p.

15. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

16. HAGAN, George P. Academic Freedom and National Responsibility in an African State Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 21p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

17. HAGAN, George P. Liberté Académique et Responsabilité Nationale dans un Etat Africain Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 26p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

18. HALL, Martin Have South African Universities Lost Their Autonomy in the First Decade of Democracy? A Response to Jonathan Jansen Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 165-170

19. HIRJI, Karim F. Academic Pursuits under the Link Bulletin du Codesria = Codesria Bulletin. N°. 1, 1990, p.9-16

20. HOEANE, Thabisi Identity and Race at Rhodes University African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 132-135

21. IMAM, Ayesha M.; MAMA, Amina The Role of Academic in Limiting and Expanding Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990. - 50 p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

22. IMAM, Ayesha M.; MAMA, Amina Limitation ou Elargissement de la Liberté Académique : la Responsabilité des Universitaires Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 45p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

23. IWERIEBOR, Ifeyinwa Restriction to Research on Gender Issues in Africa with Particular Reference of Nigeria Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 33p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

24. KANYWANYI, Josaphat L. Academic Freedom, the Autonomy of Institutions of Higher Education and the Social Responsibility of Academics Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 4, N°. 2, 2006, p. 69–82

25. KONINGS, Piet Assessing the Power of Newly Created Teachers’ Organisations during Cameroon’s Political Liberalisation Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 130-153

26. LUSAMBA, Joseph Senda La politisation de la gestion des ressources humaines dans l’enseignement supérieur et universitaire : cas du système de quota régional en République Démocratique du Congo Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 82-100

27. MAMA, Amina Towards Academic Freedom for Africa in the 21st Century Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 4, N°. 3, 2006, p. 1-32

28. MAMDANI, Mahmood La Quête des Libertés Académiques Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 21 p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

29. MANGU, André Mbata Betukumesu Libertés académiques et responsabilité sociale des universitaires en République Démocratique du Congo Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 35-81

30. MATLOSA, Khabele The Struggle for Academic Freedom and Autonomy of Institutions of Higher Learning in Lesotho : State of the Art Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 17P. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

31. MAYLAM, Paul Rhodes University: Colonialism, Segregation and Apartheid, 1904-1970 African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 14-22

32. MAZRUI, Ali A. The Impact of Global Changes on Academic Freedom in Africa: a Preliminary Assessment Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 31p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

33. MAZRUI, Ali A. L’Impact des Changements Mondiaux sur la Liberté Académique en Afrique : une Evaluation Préliminaire Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 30 p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

34. MITTELMAN, James H. Academic Freedom, the State and Globalisation Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 11p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

35. MITTELMAN, James H. Liberté Académique, Etat et Globalisme Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 11p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

36. MUAMBA, Bapuwa Zaïre : Pourquoi ce Bain de Sang dans les Campus Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 18p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

37. MKANDAWIRE, Thandika Social Sciences and Democracy: Debate in Africa African Sociological Review. Vol. 3, N°. 1, 1999, p. 20-34

38. MKANDAWIRE, Thandika Three Generations of Africa Academics: a Note Bulletin du Codesria = Codesria Bulletin, N°. 3, 1995, p.9-12

39. MKANDAWIRE, Thandika Academics Watch-Out: "Chapter Six": is out to get you! Bulletin du Codesria = Codesria Bulletin. N°. 3, 1987, p.1-2

40. MOODIE, T. Dunbar One Student at Rhodes in the Early Apartheid Years: A Memoir African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 136-141

41. NDIAYE, Falilou Liberté académique et autonomie universitaire : l’expérience sénégalaise Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 112-129

42. OCHWADA, Hannington African Studies: A Re-assessment of Academic Tourism Since 1960 Afrique et Développement = Africa Development. Vol.XXI, N°4, 1996, p.123-140

43. OLOKA-ONYANGO, J. The Legal Control of Tertiary Institutions in East Africa: the Case of Makerere University Afrique et Développement = Africa Development. Vol. XVII, N°. 4, 1992, p.47-66

44. NGONDO A PITSHANDENGE, Séraphin L’université congolaise à la croisée des chemins : vers l’extinction du corps professoral de l’Université de Kinshasa Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 101-111

45. NWALA, Uzodinma Academic Freedom in Africa: the Nigerian Experience Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 25p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

46. NWALA, Uzodinma Liberté Académique en Afrique : l’Expérience Nigériane Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 30cm Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

47. PILLAY, Devan Speaking Truth to Power: A Personal Journey through the Politics of Boycott and Engagement at Rhodes University during the 1980s African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 184-190

48. REDA, Abdul Hahim Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 8p.37cm Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

49. ROOT, Monty J. Rhodes University From Apartheid Vastrap to African Swing African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 234-239

50. RUTAKE, Pascal La Liberté Académique, Recherche et Responsabilité Sociale des Intellectuels en Afrique Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 12p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

51. SALL, Ebrima; MANGU, Andre Mbata Bekutumesu Introduction: The Quest for Academic Freedom Today Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 2, 2005, p. 1-16

52. SALL, Ebrima; LEBEAU, Yann; KASSIMIR, Ron The Public Dimensions of the University in Africa Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 1, N°. 1, 2003, p. 126-148

53. SALL, Ebrima (ed) Women in Academia: Gender in Academic Freedom in Africa Dakar: CODESRIA, 2000.- xix-154p. (The State of Academic Freedom in Africa Series) ISBN: 2-86978-078-8

54. SAMB, Moussa Le Syndicat Autonome de l’Enseignement Supérieur du Sénégal (S.A.E.S.) : Expérience en Matière de Libertés Académiques Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 25p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

55. SAMB, Moussa The Independent Union of University Teachers: Syndicat Autonome de l’Enseignement Supérieur du Sénégal (SAES): the Record on Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 24p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

56. SATCHWELL, Katrleen Students at Rhodes under Apartheid African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 167-178

57. SENGHOR, Léopold Sédar Socialisme et Liberté Afrique et Développement = Africa Development. Vol.II, N°.4, Octobre 1977, p.5-13

58. SHIVJI, Issa G. The Jurisprudence of the Dar-es-Salam Declaration on Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 11p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

59. SHIVJI, Issa G. La Jurisprudence de la Déclaration de Dar-Es-Salaam sur la Liberté Académique Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 19p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

60. SITHOLE, Masipula Should African Academics be Involved in Active Politics? Reflection of a Participant Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 16p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

61. TAMALE, S.; OLOKA-ONYANGO, J. Bitches at the Academy: Gender and Academic Freedom at the African University Afrique et Développement = Africa Development. Vol. XXII, N°. 1, 1997, p.13-37

62. THIOMBIANO, Taladidia Les Conséquences d’une Absence de Libertés Académiques sur la Formation et la Recherche Scientifique Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 10p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

63. TJELDVOLL, Arild ; WELLE-STRAND, Anne ; BENTO, Fabio The Complex Relations between University, Society and State: The Ethiopian Predicament in Establishing a Service University Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 3, N°. 1, 2005, p. 51-75

64. VINCENT, Louise ‘Just a Little Thing like the Colour of Their Skin Ruined Everything’: Facing Race at Rhodes Ten Years After African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 105-131

65. WEBSTER, Edward Rebels with a Cause of Their Own: A Personal Reflection on my Student Years at Rhodes University, 1961-1965 African Sociological Review. Vol. 9, N°. 1, 2005, p. 151-160

66. WENYIN, Deng Awur The State and Academic Freedom Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 14p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

67. ZELEZA, Paul Tiyambe Trial of an Academic Tourist Bulletin du Codesria = Codesria Bulletin. N°. 1, 1993, p. 20-22

68. ZELEZA, Paul Tiyambe Academic Freedom in the Neo-Liberal Order: Governments, Globalization, Governance, and Gender Journal of Higher Education in Africa. Vol. 1, N°. 1, 2003, p. 149-194

Part II – Books and Parts of Books / Livres et extraits de livres

69. CODESRIA, Dakar The State of Academic Freedom in Africa 1995 Dakar: CODESRIA, 1996.- 189p.

70. CODESRIA, Dakar Déclaration de Kampala sur la Liberté Intellectuelle et la Responsabilité Sociale Dakar: CODESRIA, Novembre 1990.- 7p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

71. CODESRIA, Dakar The Kampala Declaration on Intellectual Freedom and Social Responsibility Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 7p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

72. CODESRIA, Dakar L’Etat de la Liberté Intellectuelle en Afrique: 1995 Dakar: CODESRIA, 1997.- 200p. ISBN: 2-86978-062-1

73. CODESRIA, Dakar Press Cuttings on the Abuses of Academic Freedom in Africa = Coupures de Presse sur les Abus de la Liberté Académique en Afrique Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- LV. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990

74. DIBUA, Jeremiah Students and the Struggle against Authoritarianism in University Governance in Nigeria In: Knowledge and Society/ Ed. By Adebayo Olukoshi and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza Vol. 2. - Dakar: CODESRIA, 2004

75. MAMDANI, Mahmood; DIOUF, Mamadou (ed) Liberté Académique en Afrique Paris: Karthala, 1994.- xi-400p. (Serie de Livres du CODESRIA) ISBN: 2-86978-038-9

76. MAMDANI, Mahmood; DIOUF, Mamadou (eds) Academic Freedom in Africa Dakar: CODESRIA, 1994.- 370p. (CODESRIA Book Series) ISBN: 2-86978-031-1

77. MANGU, André Mbata Betukumesu; KATUMUMONYI, Evariste Tshishimbi Evariste; EPANYA, Shamololo Tshund’olela ; LUSAMBA, Joseph Senda; NGONDO a PITSHANDENGE, Séraphin; BANZA, Barthélemy Kalambayi Universités et libertés académiques en République démocratique du Congo Dakar: CODESRIA, 2005.- 214p. (Série des livres du CODESRIA) ISBN: 2-86978-173-3

78. OLUKOSHI, Adebayo; ZELEZA, Paul Tiyambe Introduction: The Struggle for African Universities and Knowledges In: Liberalisation and Internationalisation / Ed. By Adebayo Olukoshi and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza Vol. 1. - Dakar: CODESRIA, 2004

1. ZELEZA, Tiyambe The Intelligentsia and Academic Freedom: the Question of Expatriate African Scholars in African Universities Dakar: CODESRIA, November 1990.- 18p. Conference: Symposium on Academic Freedom Research and the Social Responsibility of the Intellectual in Africa, Kampala Uganda, 26-29 November 1990.

79. ZELEZA, Paul Tiyambe Neo-Liberalism and Academic Freedom In: Liberalisation and Internationalisation / Ed. By Adebayo Olukoshi and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza Vol. 1. - Dakar: CODESRIA, 2004

80. ZELEZA, Paul Tiyambe African Social Scientists and the Struggle for Academic Freedom In: Manufacturing African Studies and Crises/Paul Tiyambe Zeleza Dakar: CODESRIA, 1997.- VII-617p.

II – Other Books and Articles / Autres livres et articles

2. ANYIMADU, Amos A., ed. Intellectual Freedom in Ghana: Proceedings of Conference Organised by the Department of Political Science, University of Ghana, Legon, 24-25 June 1994 Legon: Amansesem Publications, 1994.- ii-148p. ISBN: 9988-552-05-X

3. ASSOCIATIONS OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, Dar es Salaam The Dar es Salaam Declaration on Academic Freedom and Social Responsibility of Academics Dar es Salaam: Associations of Institutions of Higher Education in Tanzania, April 1990.- 17p. Conference: Workshop of Six Associations of Institutions of Higher Education in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Tanzania, 19 April 1990

4. CHANAKIRA, Ngoni Academic Freedom in Higher Institutions of Learning in Zimbabwe In: Southern Africa Political and Economic Monthly, Vol .4, No. 7, April 1991, p.30-31

5. CIVIL LIBERTIES ORGANISATION, Lagos Annual Report on Human Rights in Nigeria, 1993 Lagos: Civil Liberties Organisation, 1994.- XXIV-386p.

6. COHEN, Ronald; HYDEN, Goran; NAGAN, Winston, (eds) Human Rights and Governance in Africa Gainsville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1993.- XVII-281 (Carter Lecture Series) ISBN: 0-8130-1220-1

7. DANIEL, John; HARTLEY, Nigel; LADOR, Yves; NOWAK, Manfred; VLAMING, Frederiek de Academic Freedom 3: Education and Human Rights : Zed Books, 1995.- IX-244p. ISBN: 1-85649-302-4

8. DEI, George J. Sefa The Challenges of Anti-Racist Education Research in the African Context In: Afrique et Développement/Africa Development, Vol. XIX, No. 3, 1994, p.5-25

9. FERNANDO, Laksiri; HARTLEY, Nigel; NOWAK, Manfred; SWINEHART, Theresa (eds) Academic Freedom: a Human Rights Report: 1990 London: Red Books, 1990.- 192p. ISBN: 0-86232-972-8

10. HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, New York Academic Freedom and Human Rights Abuses in Africa: an African Watch Report New York: Human Rights Watch, April 1991.- 153p. ISBN: 0-929692-77-2

11. HYDEN, Goran The Efforts to Restore Intellectual Freedom in Africam In: Issue: a Journal of Opinion, Vol XX, No. 1, 1991, p.5-14 ISSN: 0047-1607

12. ISANGO, Idi Wanzila Avénement de la Démocratie et Avenir de l’Enseignement Universitaire au Zaïre In: Zaïre-Afrique, No. 267, Septembre 1992, p.428-440 ISSN: 0049-8513

13. JEGA, Attahiru M. Nigerian Academics Under Military Rule Stockholm: University of Stockholm, 1994.- VI-85p. ISSN: 1102-3635 14. KOROMA, Murana M. Self-Concept and Social Environment as Correlates of Academic Performance of Secondary School Children in Sierra Leone Freetown: Njala University College, May 1989.- 147p. Thesis, Master in Education, Education, Njala University College, Department of Teacher Education, 1989

15. MKANDAWIRE, Donton S. J. The Academic Performance in Arts and Science Subjects in Namibian Secondary Schools Prior to Independence Windhoek: University of Namibia, March 1992.- 40p. Conference: Workshop on Social Science Research Priorities for Namibia, Windhoek Namibia, 30 March-1 April 1992.

16. MULAMBULA, Shikuku Musima Kenyan Teachers’ and Students’ Perception of Educational Evaluation and Academic Performance in Secondary Schools Nairobi: Moi University, 1997.- viii-345p. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy, Educational Psychology, Moi University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Psychology, 1997

17. OLOKA-ONYANGO, J. The Legal Control of Tertiary Institutions in East Africa: the Case of Makerere University In: Afrique et Développement/Africa Development, Vol. XVII, No. 4, 1992, p.47-66

18. SHATRUGNA, M. Restoring Academic Freedom Through Bureaucratic Fiat In: Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 25, No. 47, 1990, p. 2582-2583

19. SHIVJI, Issa G. Intellectuals at the Hill: Essays and Talks 1969-1993 Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press, 1993.- VII-270p. ISBN: 9976-60-183-2

20. UNESCO. Bureau Régional pour l’Education en Afrique, Dakar Enseignement Supérieur en Afrique : Réalisations, Défis et Perspectives Dakar: UNESCO, 1998.- 693p.

21. UNESCO. Regional Office for Education in Africa, Dakar Higher Education in Africa: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects Dakar: UNESCO, 1998.- 626p. ISBN: 92-9091-072-0

22. UNIVERSITE DE OUAGADOUGOU, Ouagadougou Actes du Séminaire sur les Droits de l’Homme et sur les Franchises Universitaires et Scolaires Ouagadougou: Université de Ouagadougou, Mars 1992.- 116p.

23. WORLD UNIVERSITY SERVICE, Geneva The Lima Declaration on Academic Freedom and Autonomy of Institutions of Higher Education Geneva: WUS, September 1988.- 4p. Conference: General Assembly of World University Service, 68th, Lima PE, 6-10 September 1988

24. ZELEZA, Tiyambe African Social Scientists and the Struggle for Academic Freedom In: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, Vol. 22, 1992, p.11-32 ISSN: 0251-0405

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