Post-Referendum Sudan : National and Regional Questions. Edited by Samson S. Wassara and Al-Tayib Zain al-Abdin. Dakar, CODESRIA, 2014, 232 p., ISBN : 978-2-86978-588-5Number of visits: 1874
The fate of Sudan, by then the largest country in Africa, was clearly decided when results of the referendum vote were announced in February 2011. Policy makers, scholars and the international community began to grapple with critical issues that might arise after the independence of South Sudan and how different stakeholders were likely to react during the period of uncertainty.
Political developments in Sudan were long-term outcomes of post-cold war revolutions in the world system after the Soviet Union collapsed. A domino effect of such events swept across Eastern Europe with some manifestations in the Horn of Africa. The fall of Mengistu Haile Mariam, marked the beginning of the redrawing of the map of Africa and posed a challenge to the long held principle of preservation of colonial borders that had been enshrined in the Charter of the
Organisation of African Unity. The precedent set by the independence of Eritrea seemed to encourage southern Sudan to press forward for independence through a two pronged approach of armed struggle and diplomacy led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement.
This book attempts to understand national, regional and continental dimensions of the unresolved issues that could result in the escalation of conflict in the Sudan. It examines internal dynamics of the Sudan after secession of the south and how these dynamics might affect neighbouring countries in the geopolitical regions: the Horn of Africa, the Great Lakes Region and Central Africa. A section of the book is dedicated to dynamics within South Sudan as a new state. Post-conflict South Sudan as country was marked by extreme poverty, lack of infrastructure and prevalence of inter-communal armed violence. This book proposes possible
policies to prevent the country from descending into a state of economic and social chaos.
The book provides the argument that equitable and rational transformative socio-economic programmes and policies could greatly reduce potentials for conflict. This book calls on policy makers to pursue policies that could lead to concrete projects planned to alleviate poverty and provision of basic social services such as education, health, and safe water. The book comes to the conclusion that political stability will depend on collective actions of stakeholders to ensure that peace prevails both in the north and the south to guarantee human security in the region.
Samson S. Wassara is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Juba. He teaches political science, international relations and peace. His research interests include security, peace studies, geopolitics and hydro-politics. One of his recent publications is, ‘The CPA and Beyond: Problems and Prospects for Peaceful Coexistence in the Nuba Mountains’, in Elke Grawert, ed., 2010, After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan, Woodbridge: James Currey/Boydell & Brewer Ltd.
Al-Tayib Zain al-Abdin has been Professor of Politics at the University
of Khartoum since 1997. Al-Tayib has worked as Advisor to the Vice-Chancellor of
the University of Khartoum (2007-2011). He has also taught at the International
Islamic University in Islamabad (1999-2003)